Oesophagus (Food Pipe) Disorders

Oesophageal Cancer Surgery

The most common indication for Oesophagectomy is cancer of the oesophagus. Few centers treat as many malignant tumours in Oesophagus as we do each year. This unmatched depth of expertise translates to more accurate and precise diagnoses, more effective and innovative treatment plans, and improved overall outcomes for our patients.


Oesophagectomy can be defined as a surgery in which the entire esophagus or a part of the esophagus is removed. During this procedure, the lymph nodes near the stomach and the esophagus may also be removed. The removed oesophagus then has to be replaced by a suitable conduit (stomach, colon etc) for establishing the gastrointestinal continuity.

All types of Oesophageal cancer surgeries are performed either by conventional open method  or key-hole approach [robotic/laparoscopic/VATS (Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery)].

Some of the other conditions that require this procedure include:

  • swallowing of cell-damaging or caustic agents like Iye
  • oesophagus trauma
  • chronic inflammation
  • complicated muscle disorders preventing food movement to the stomach
  • a history of unsuccessful esophagus surgeries

Surgery for Benign Esophageal Disorders

Dr. Sabyasachi Bal and Dr Kamran Ali along with their team provide a wide range of options in the context of state-of-the-art diagnosis and treatment for health conditions that affect the movement of food through the gastrointestinal tract and the oesophagus.

The most important treatment for hemothorax is draining the blood out of the chest cavity. We generally put a tube through the chest muscles and tissues, between the ribs, and into the chest cavity to drain any pooled blood. This is called a thoracentesis or thoracostomy.

If the bleeding continues even as the tube drains the blood, we may need chest surgery to treat the cause of the bleeding. In emergency situations an open surgery is done to control the source of bleeding. In case of old collected blood, VATS evacuation of hemothorax can also be safely done.

Benign Esophageal Disorders we treat include:

  • Achalasia
  • Giant paraesophageal hernias
  • Gastro-Oesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Zenker’s diverticulum
  • Epiphrenic diverticulum
  • Benign Esophageal stricture
  • Esophageal leiomyoma